Ancient crop plant with characteristic blue flowers, it grows in mild climates and it is used to extracted fibres, oil and edible seeds. The linen fibres are obtained from the stem of the plant which can also reach 80 cm; in particular the fibres represent the channels that bring water from the roots to the leaves of the plant itself.
The cultivation has a low environmental impact but also a low yield and the fibre extraction process is long enough: after the extirpation, soaking and drying are performed on the plant, in order to separate the fibre from the wood. The best fibres are those long, while from the short ones derive low quality yarns. All this makes the textile resulting from the flax fine and costly respect to the cotton.
The highest quality flax (the linen plant) is produced in Europe and in Russia; in the past it was a very widespread type of cultivation in Italy, but it has been progressively abandoned due to high production costs. But few know that, by the end of 1800, in northern Italy there is Linificio e Canapificio Nazionale, one of the oldest companies in Europe and symbol of Italian excellence in the production and spinning of hemp and linen. Most of linen and hemp yarns used in our baby carriers come from this century old company.
With regard to the specific features, linen fibre is soft and flexible, it is more smooth and shiny than cotton, as well as more resistant, even if less elastic . The fibre is hollow and this ensures a low thermal conductivity: in fact it is mainly used in the summer to realize fresh clothes , but few know that it also keeps the heat during cold months, resulting an excellent insulator both by the high temperatures that for the low ones. The linen creases very easily and it isn't resistant to washing with bleach and high temperatures.
Linen is used as the basis for different blends in our baby carrier.
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