The Jacquard loom was invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in France beginning 1800, combining the insights of several designers who were studying innovative ways to speed weaving.
Compared to prior existing looms, the Jacquard loom was exploiting the use of a series of perforated posters which was embossed with the design (like the tabs of the very first computers, ancestors of our modern PC). The revolution made by this type of frame was to be able to create complex designs repeatable over time very quickly, through the work of one or two people, thus speeding up and standardizing the weaving. "Jacquard" became, in time, even the name of the textile produced with these frames.
During the time, of course, the Jacquard looms have become automated machinery combined with computer programs that make use of digital drawing; they are more or less large and complex, depending on the type of production to be performed and the costs that may be incurred.
The term "Jacquard" means that textile where a pattern, more or less elaborate, is woven directly into the fabric, instead of being drawn or printed on it. The drawing is in fact created by the continuous intertwining of two components:
- the warp, the base, the set of wires arranged in parallel in a longitudinal way
-the weave, the thread which fits on several occasions within the yarn forming the warp, going to constitute the interweaving or the shell (in other words the drawing and the same textile).
All our fabrics are Jacquard woven: this processing of weft and warp envelop the body of the child not only in horizontal and vertical (such as for example cotton canvas common sheets), but also diagonally. The obtained carriers are "elastic" in the diagonal direction, not for the content of elastene but thanks to the textile technical choice; they return immediately to the original shape when they are no longer subjected to weight and traction. This peculiarity allows the baby carriers to better wrap the babies, facilitate the tightening and better support the weight, distributing it more on the parent body to feel like lower; all these characteristics make the textile in Jacquard weave more resistant and valuable than that in simple or canvas texture.
Dilled card for an ancient Jacquard loom. The design we could obtain is the one on the left, in the trasparent fold
In this modern loom, the weave is crossing the warp different times to realize a complex design
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